In the fight for civil rights, Malcolm X played a crucial role. His dedication to black self-determination and racial justice was unrelenting, and it greatly pushed the boundaries of the civil rights movement. The significant effect he had on African American history, culture, and identity is what will make his legacy last.
Malcolm X, whose real name was Malcolm Little, was one of the most prominent and divisive characters in the Civil Rights Movement. His staunch support for black autonomy, independence, and racial pride had a major impact on the fight for civil rights in the United States in the middle of the twentieth century.
Malcolm was born in Omaha, Nebraska in 1925, and he had a tragic and difficult life. After his mother was institutionalized for mental health concerns and his father was killed in a racially motivated attack, he was placed in a series of foster homes.
Malcolm changed drastically while doing time in prison for stealing between 1946 and 1952. He joined the African American political and religious group known as the Nation of Islam (NOI). After being set free, he decided to adopt a 'X' last name as a tribute to his long-lost African heritage.
Rising Influence of the Nation of Islam: Malcolm X ascended rapidly through the ranks of the NOI to become its chief spokesman. His passionate remarks and outspoken condemnation of institutional racism inspired many African Americans to join the NOI.
While most civil rights activists pushed for peaceful protest, Malcolm X supported using force to protect oneself against racist attacks. Many African Americans, especially in the north and west, were moved by his scathing indictment of white America and his desire for black power, economic independence, and identity.
Malcolm X's departure with the NOI was precipitated by a philosophical shift that occurred after he made a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1964. He converted to Sunni Islam, became known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, and began working to promote harmony among different races. He established the Afro-American Unity Organization to promote civil liberties and black self-determination.
Though he was killed in 1965, Malcolm X's legacy and impact are still being felt today. The issues of black pride, self-esteem, and racial equality all benefited greatly from his lifetime of labor. Although he stirred up controversy during his lifetime, his contributions to the civil rights struggle are now widely acknowledged.
His autobiography, written with Alex Haley, is still read widely because of the unique perspective it provides on race relations in the United States in the middle of the twentieth century. His rhetorical abilities and his convincing analysis of systematic racism in his talks are still being studied today.